File:Andrew Carnegie in National Portrait Gallery IMG 4441.JPG|upright|thumb|Carnegie as he appears in the National Portrait Gallery (United States)|National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.
'''Andrew Carnegie''' ( , but commonly or ;
[#MacKay|MacKay, p. 29.]
November 25, 1835 – August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American
industrialist who led the expansion of the American steel industry
in the late 19th century, and is often identified as List of wealthiest historical figures|one of the richest people
and List of richest Americans in history|Americans ever
[listed at 372 billion 2014 USD by Jacob Davidson, [http://time.com/money/3977798/the-10-richest-people-of-all-time time.com The 10 Richest People of All Time] "Rockefeller gets all the press, but Andrew Carnegie may be the richest American of all time. The Scottish immigrant sold his company, U.S. Steel, to J.P. Morgan for $480 million... ]